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Adipose derived stem cells protect skin flaps against ischemia-reperfusion injury.

Recieved:01-Sep-2012 00:00:00

ETHIANUM - Clinic for Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Aesthetic and Preventive Medicine at Heidelberg University Hos...
Reichenberger, MA; Heimer, S; Schaefer, A; Lass, U; Gebhard, MM; Germann, G; Leimer, U; Köllensperger, E; Mueller, W

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Advances in the treatment of ischemia- reperfusion injury have created an opportunity for plastic surgeons to apply these treatments to flaps and implanted tissues. We examined the capability of adipose derived stem cells (ADSCs) to protect tissue against IRI using an extended inferior epigastric artery skin flap as a flap ischemia- reperfusion injury (IRI) model. ADSCs were isolated from Lewis rats and cultured in vitro. Twenty- four rats were randomly divided into three groups. Group I was the sham group and did not undergo ischemic insult; rather, the flap was raised and immediately sutured back (non-ischemic control group). Group II (ischemia control) and group III (ADSCs treatment) underwent 3 h of ischemic insult. During reperfusion group III was treated by intravenous application of ADSCs and group II was left untreated. Five days postoperatively, flap survival and perfusion were assessed. Microvessel density was visualized by immunohistochemistry and semi- quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction addressed differential gene expression. Treatment with ADSCs significantly increased flap survival (p